A World Bank paper titled Governance in Irrigation and Drainage: Concepts, Cases, and Action-Oriented Approaches—A Practitioner’s Resource explores how irrigation governance can help address rural poverty, mitigate climate-change impacts, and feed the planet.
Irrigated farming is central to meeting the world’s food and fodder needs and will be even more important in delivering on food security and water sustainability development priorities in the future. High population growth, climate change, increasing socio-economic growth, and water stress are key drivers of change.
Although irrigation covers only 6.5 percent of the total land used for agriculture, it supports production of forty percent of the world’s food and fodder output, with a gross value of fifty-five percent of global agricultural produce.
Improving irrigation performance is a priority strategy in addressing rural poverty and in mitigating climate change impacts, especially for the most vulnerable. The central message of this resource book is that functions, processes, and related capabilities must be the priority focus of all irrigation institutional interventions.