Water is essential for human, animal and plant life, as well as for the economy; its protection and management transcend national borders. The Water Framework Directive (WFD) establishes a legal framework to protect and restore drinking water in the European Union and to ensure its long-term sustainable use. But what are the figures for water management in Europe?
Poland and Romania are the two countries with the greatest needs in terms of water supply and sanitation, while Norway, Greece and Portugal lead the European ranking of water consumption measured in litres per person per day.
One million people in Europe lack access to safe water sources. In fact, between 2004 and 2013 more than 70 million people had access to improved water sources for the first time. In addition, in 2016, the European Union invested 150 million euros to increase water, sanitation and hygiene services.
As far as water stress is concerned, Spain and the Mediterranean countries are the most affected.