Access to safe drinking water is a fundamental right but remains a challenge in many parts of the world. Around 2.1 billion people across the globe lack access to drinking water and 340,000 children under five die annually from unsafe drinking water and diarrhea due to poor sanitation.
Sudan faces ecological hazards such as water scarcity and desertification. As global population increases and human development advances, the demand for water increases, but availability remains limited. Access to water is a burden in many parts of Sudan as too many women and children still have to walk kilometers in severe weather conditions to access drinking water sources.
On World Water Day, the High Representative of the European Union declared that "The universal access to water and sanitation is a longstanding core element of EU’s development cooperation. Over the last decade we have spent more than €2.5 billion on water and sanitation in 62 countries, mainly in the African, Caribbean, Pacific countries as well as in our neighborhood. In many of these countries, we implement projects thanks to the strong cooperation with our UN partners - UNICEF, UNESCO and UNECE - and international financing institutions such as the World Bank."
Water is becoming increasingly important in maintaining peace and political stability
On this occasion, Ambassador Jean-Michel DUMOND, Head of the EU Delegation to Sudan, confirmed the EU commitment to support better access to drinking water for the Sudanese population. “Drinking water must be accessible, safe and affordable for all without discrimination. The right to safe drinking water is a human right essential for the full enjoyment of life. Moreover, water is becoming increasingly important in maintaining peace and political stability,” remarked Ambassador DUMOND.
The current EU support to the water sector in Sudan amounts to EUR 35,000,000. This funding covers projects that contribute to improving access to safe water, promoting natural resources management to achieve sustainable water use, water efficiency and the safeguarding of water ecosystems.
Amongst these projects are:
The second phase of "Wadi El Ku Integrated Catchment Management Project in North Darfur" (EUR 10,000,000), implemented by UN Environment and Practical Action. The project will directly support over 80,000 farming families and provide benefits to around 700,000 people living near the wadi or depending on its water for their livelihoods. Interventions will enhance agricultural productivity, improve natural resource management and strengthen cooperation over natural resources at the community level.
The second phase of "Natural Resource Management for Sustainable Livelihoods in East Darfur" (EUR 4,000,000), implemented by UNOPS, UN Environment and ZOA. The project will directly support 38,000 people, with additional 35,000 pastoralists benefiting from conflict free corridors and improved rangelands; the total number of indirect beneficiaries is estimated at several hundred thousand people in El Firdous, Abujabra and Adila localities.
The "Integrated improvement of household food security in Gedarif, Kassala and Red Sea States" (EUR 6,000,000), implemented by "AQUA4SUDAN" partnership which is led by ZOA. The project will improve the livelihood of 120,000 people in the Eastern Region by developing more water resources and managing them in an integrated manner.
EU Ambassador DUMOND states that "By providing water to people, agriculture and livestock in rural areas, the EU and its partners fulfill their commitment of leaving no one behind”.