Changes in the frequency and intensity of extreme weather and climate events have impacted human safety and the natural environment. Global warming increases holding capacity for atmospheric water vapor, and therefore escalates water/energy circulation, which changes the occurrence of precipitation extremes.
Recently, Dr. Qin Peihua and his collaborators from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences investigated precipitation extremes in the 21st century in China using the regional climate model RegCM4 and global climate models (GCM). Both models participated in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5).
Initially, the team assessed the performance of the CMIP5 and RegCM4 simulations of extreme precipitation for the current period (RF: 1982-2001). They found that CMIP5s and RCMs could capture the tempo-spatial variations in precipitation extremes. The study was published in Advances in Atmospheric Sciences on Jan. 5.
The study predicted that four subregions in China would see an increase of precipitation extremes within the mid-future (MF: 2039-2058) and far-future (FF: 2079-2098) relative to those for the RF period based on both CMIP5 ensemble mean and RCM ensemble mean. The ensemble empirical mode decomposition (EEMD) secular (non-seasonal) trends in the extremes were predicted to increase from 2008 to 2098.
Furthermore, the researchers quantified increasing rates of changes in precipitation extremes in the MF and FF periods in the four subregions of China with changes in air surface temperature.
"Finally, based on the water vapor equation, we find changes in precipitation extremes in China for the MF and FF periods have positive correlation with changes in the atmospheric vertical wind multiplied by changes in surface specific humidity," said Qin. "This finding might help understand and predict precipitation extremes better."