Smart Water Magazine
Connecting Waterpeople

You are here

Renewable energy powering Melbourne Water's path to net zero

  • Renewable energy powering Melbourne Water's path to net zero

About the entity

Melbourne Water
Melbourne Water is a statutory authority owned by the Victorian Government. It is our role to manage and protect Melbourne's major water resources on behalf of the community. It is an important role, one we take very seriously.


Melbourne Water is on track to halve its emissions by 2025 and reduce them to net zero by 2030.

"Electricity generation is Australia's largest source of greenhouse gas emissions and contributes to a large proportion Melbourne Water’s own operational emissions. Taking action now to transition to a clean energy future will support the delivery of our commitment to a carbon neutral water sector by 2030," said Melbourne Water Managing Director, Dr Nerina Di Lorenzo.

"Melbourne Water has installed 75 megawatts (MW) of renewable energy generation since 2005 to help reduce emissions and mitigate climate change. We are committed to further reducing our emissions across all areas of our business as we work towards achieving net zero."

It takes a large amount of electricity — over 345,000 MW hours a year — to deliver clean and safe water, remove and treat sewage, and manage drainage and waterways across Melbourne.

Melbourne Water's renewable energy portfolio includes award-winning biogas, hydropower and solar generation throughout our water supply and sewage network to reduce carbon emissions and reduce our operating costs.

Our Eastern Treatment Plant hosts some of Melbourne Water's newest renewable energy infrastructure.

An 18 MW solar farm, made up of 39,000 solar panels and fully operational since December 2023, is one of Australia's largest 'behind-the-meter' solar installations. This means that just like solar panels and batteries on your house keep the lights on or charge your electric vehicle, energy generated at the solar farm is used on-site at ETP.

The solar farm produces 30 gigawatt hours of electricity per year. It reduces 28,800 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year, equal to the amount generated by 6,000 households.

Taking action now to transition to a clean energy future will support the delivery of our commitment to a carbon neutral water sector by 2030

We also capture biogas, primarily methane and carbon dioxide, as part of the sewage treatment process. Recently upgraded, the biogas handling allows Melbourne Water to maximise the conversion of waste to energy, which in turn provides about 30% of ETP's electricity needs and significantly reduces its carbon footprint.

Our newly installed solar farm can now fully power the Winneke Water Treatment Plant at certain times of the day. The farm utilises cutting-edge terrain tracking sensors, a first of its kind in Australia. It consists of 19,000 solar panels situated on the natural slope around the Sugarloaf Reservoir. This setup generates 12.4 GW hours a year, equivalent to the annual electricity demand of about 2,500 households.

Melbourne Water also harnesses hydropower or hydroelectric power, the world's oldest form of renewable energy and the largest renewable source of electricity throughout our water supply network.

Melbourne Water's operations at St Albans Reservoir are powered by a new 400 kilowatt (kW) hydroelectricity plant, the 16th infrastructure asset of its kind. The plant joins the recently completed 315 kW Upper Yarra, Yarra Valley Conduit hydroelectricity plant, while a 990 kW hydropower plant at O'Shannassy Reservoir is about to begin construction and will be completed in 2025.

"We are in the decade that matters. Our actions now will define our future," said Dr Di Lorenzo. "We must also adapt our operations to prepare for a changing climate.

"There are tremendous opportunities that come with the transition to clean energy. By leveraging both old and new technologies, we can meet the global challenge of reducing the impact of greenhouse gas emissions on our local environment."

Subscribe to our newsletter

Topics of interest

The data provided will be treated by iAgua Conocimiento, SL for the purpose of sending emails with updated information and occasionally on products and / or services of interest. For this we need you to check the following box to grant your consent. Remember that at any time you can exercise your rights of access, rectification and elimination of this data. You can consult all the additional and detailed information about Data Protection.