Egypt has announced its intention to improve its water supply production by constructing an additional 19 new desalination plants by 2022.
Utilities Middle East reports that the new desalination facilities are worth a total of LE11 billion (US$690 million) and will have a total daily production of 550,000 cubic meters.
The ambitious plan is part of the country’s strategy to increase its water resources, securing water for irrigation. The value of the strategy – launched in 2020 - is LE435 billion, and is scheduled to be accomplished by 2050.
The new sea desalination plants are to be built in Nabq, Ras Sidr, Abou Zanima, Dahab, Nuieba, Arish 1, Arish 2, Arish 3, Arish 4, Sheikh Zowayed 1, Sheikh Zowayed 2, Sidi Barani expansions, western Port Said, Dabaa, Marina 1, Marina 2, Marbella, and New Mansoura.
In the future, the country will have 65 desalination plants with a total daily production of 750,000 cubic meters in six governorates: Matrouh, South Sinai, Suez, Ismailiyah, North Sinai, and the Red Sea.
Matrouh is planned to house 14 plants having a daily capacity of 250,000 cubic meters, while the Red Sea is expected to have 18 plants with a capacity of 109,000 cubic meters per day. North Sinai and South Sinai will be home to 21 and nine plants whose capacity per day is 20,000 cubic meters and 75,000 cubic meters, respectively. Only one plant will be established in Ismailiyah, and two others in Suez.
Partnering with the private sector, the Egyptian government is to construct four desalination plants in Matrouh's Hamam district, and three others in the Red Sea's towns of Safaga, al-Qusair, and Marsa Alam.
According to Egypt Today, Deputy Minister of Housing, Utilities, and Urban Areas Sayed Ismail said that LE135 billion are allocated to the construction of desalination plants, and LE300 are dedicated for wastewater projects. The plan will be completed over six phases. The duration of each is five years.
The official also informed that rain water harnessing projects are being implemented across the country, as well as 223 two-phase and three-phase wastewater treatment plants to ensure the optimum use of water resources.
Egypt has completed a total of 1,131 new drinking water and wastewater projects worth LE13.6 billion. And existing plants and networks have been rehabilitated at a cost of LE8.7 billion.
The percentages of the coverage of the drinking water network and the wastewater network are 98 percent and 65 percent, respectively.