As of 2018 an estimated 4.2 billion people, or 55 per cent of the global population, were living in urban areas. A third of them were children, and about 300 million of these children were living in slums – the worst form of informal settlement.
While children in urban areas generally have better access to WASH services compared with children in rural areas, deep and profound inequalities within urban areas mean that the poorest urban children are being left behind, often with little or no access to WASH services. Many children living in slums and other impoverished urban settlements are being deprived of their right to water and sanitation, with serious implications on their survival, growth and development.
Published this past February 2020, the Global Framework for Urban WASH is based on UNICEF’s experiences in urban WASH programming in over 50 countries.
The Framework is structured around three areas of support: sector-level, service-level and user-level support, with suggested entry points and activities for engagement in urban WASH.