Connecting Waterpeople

You are here

Satellite-tagged bottles show promise for tracking plastic litter through rivers

  • Satellite-tagged bottles show promise for tracking plastic litter through rivers
  • Electronic tags released in the Ganges river show plastic pollution can travel thousands of kilometres in just a few months.

About the entity

At the University of Exeter we combine teaching excellence and high levels of student satisfaction with world class research at our campuses in Exeter and Cornwall.

Researchers put GPS and satellite tags in plastic bottles in the Ganges and the Bay of Bengal.

The maximum distance tracked was 2,845km (1,768 miles) in 94 days.

The study, led by researchers from the University of Exeter and ZSL (the Zoological Society of London), was conducted as part of the National Geographic Society's Sea to Source: Ganges expedition.

"Our 'message in a bottle' tags show how far and how fast plastic pollution can move," said lead author Dr Emily Duncan, of the Centre for Ecology and Conservation on Exeter’s Penryn Campus in Cornwall.

"It demonstrates that this is a truly global issue, as a piece of plastic dropped in a river or ocean could soon wash up on the other side of the world."

In general, bottles in the Ganges moved in stages, occasionally getting stuck on their way downstream.

Bottles at sea covered far greater distances, following coastal currents at first but then dispersing more widely.

The study used 25 500ml bottles with size, shape and buoyancy intended to mimic the movement of any plastic bottle.

Alasdair Davies, of conservation technology organisation Arribada and ZSL, said: "The hardware inside each plastic bottle is entirely open source, ensuring that researchers can replicate, modify or enhance the solution we presented to track other plastics or environmental waste.

"Embedding electronics inside plastic bottles also presented a unique opportunity to use both cellular and satellite transmitters, ensuring we could track the movement of each bottle through urban waterways where mobile phone networks were available, switching to satellite connectivity once the bottles reached the open ocean."

The researchers hope the bottle tags could be a "powerful tool" for education, raising awareness and encouraging behaviour change.

Dr Duncan said: "This could be used to teach about plastic pollution in schools, with children able to see where their bottle goes.

"Data from these tags could feed into global models to give us a clearer picture of how plastic moves across the ocean and where it ends up."

Subscribe to our newsletter

Topics of interest

The data provided will be treated by iAgua Conocimiento, SL for the purpose of sending emails with updated information and occasionally on products and / or services of interest. For this we need you to check the following box to grant your consent. Remember that at any time you can exercise your rights of access, rectification and elimination of this data. You can consult all the additional and detailed information about Data Protection.

Featured news